LIAPIS IGNATIOS

LIAPIS IGNATIOS

Head Veterinarian
Ultrasound Department

Ultrasound Department

At Plakentia Veterinary Clinic, imaging scans are performed at the Radiology & Ultrasound Department. If more specialized imaging is required, such as a CT or MRI scan, the Clinic works with Alfa Vet and veterinary imaging specialist Ioannis Panopoulos.

Diagnostic ultrasound imaging is a modern technique for visualizing tissue and has proven beneficial in small animal veterinary medicine. It is a dynamic exam that is based on the physician's skills and experience to detect differences between healthy and diseased tissue, as well as the ability to distinguish the normal differences that exist among animals. Latest technology devices are also used, which operate based on the principle of piezoelectricity. These devices provide high-resolution images and offer many features, such as freeze frame images, measurement capabilities, magnification and the possibility of having the images printed on paper or film.

We have been performing ultrasounds since 1993. At Plakentia Veterinary Clinic, the ultrasound scans are performed using state-of-the-art high-resolution systems (Esaote MyLab 70 for general ultrasound and Accutome plus for ophthalmic ultrasounds). After 23 years, we possess the necessary experience to investigate even the most demanding conditions, but also perform specialized techniques, such as collection of deep tissue samples under direct ultrasound guidance.

Although ultrasound scans are basically a dynamic exam, the images can be printed and attached to the medical opinion given to the animal owner or emailed to the referring veterinarian.

A comprehensive list of findings that may arise during an ultrasound scan is provided below. However note that, even though an ultrasound scan is enough to diagnose most of these conditions, others may also need further medical tests before a final diagnosis is made. This method also assists in other interventional medical procedures (e.g. ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the liver, prostate, kidney, etc.).

Ultrasound Department

LIVER

Focal lesions
  1. Fibrosis
  2. Calcification
  3. Hemorrhaging
  4. Neoplasms (e.g. lymphosarcoma)
  5. Benign nodular hyperplasia
  6. Hematomas
  7. Intrahepatic abscesses
  8. Necrosis / infarctions
  9. Cysts
Diffuse lesions
  1. Neoplasms
  2. Cirrhosis
  3. Acute hepatitis

GALLBLADDER / BILE DUCTS

  1. Acute or chronic cholecystitis
  2. Differentiating between extrahepatic obstructive jaundice
    and other types

VESSELS

  1. Hepatic vein disorders (e.g. hepatic venous congestion)
  2. Portal vein anastomoses
  3. Congenital hepatic arteriovenous fistulas

SPLEEN

  1. Neoplasms (e.g. hemangiomas)
  2. Hemorrhaging
  3. Abscesses
  4. Infarctions

KIDNEY

Focal lesions
  1. Abscesses
  2. Neoplasms
  3. Traumas
  4. Infarctions
Diffuse lesions
  1. Neoplasms
  2. Hypercalcemic renal failure
  3. Chronic parenchymal diseases

PELVIS / URETERS

  1. Renal pelvis and ureter dilation (e.g. hydronephrosis)
  2. Pyelonephritis

URINARY BLADDER

Cavity
  1. Residue
  2. Stones
  3. Blood clots
Wall
  1. Thickening
  2. Neoplasms
  3. Bladder rupture
  4. Ectopic ureter
  5. Hydroureter
  6. Ureterocele

PROSTATE

Focal lesions
  1. Intraprostatic cysts
  2. Abscesses
Diffuse lesionsς
  1. Benign hypertrophy
  2. Acute prostatitis
  3. Chronic prostatitis
  4. Neoplasms
Paraprostatic conditions
  1. Paraprostatic cysts

UTERUS

  1. Embryonic death
  2. Pyometra
  3. Granulomas
  4. Abscesses
  5. Neoplasms

OVARIES

  1. Polycystic ovaries
  2. Neoplasms

TESTICLES

  1. Neoplasms
  2. Abscesses
  3. Granulomas
  4. Hematomas
  5. Differentiating between intratesticular
    and paratesticular lesions
  6. Oscheocele

ABDOMINAL CAVITY

  1. Fluid
  2. Masses (e.g. neoplasm)
  3. Abscesses
  4. Cysts
  5. Hematomas

ADRENAL GLANDS

  1. Enlargement (e.g. Cushing's syndrome)
  2. Hyperplasia
  3. Neoplasm
  4. Masses not related to Cushing's syndrome

PANCREAS

  1. Acute pancreatitis
  2. Dilation of small bowel loops
  3. Large bowel wall thickening
  4. Abdominal masses (e.g. neoplasm)

HEART

Congenital heart defects
  1. Patent ductus arteriosus
  2. Aortic stenosis
  3. Pulmonary artery stenosis
  4. Atrial septal defects
  5. Ventricular septal defects
  6. Tetralogy of Fallot
  7. Atrioventricular valve dysplasias
 Acquired heart defects
  1. Mitral valve failure
  2. Tricuspid valve failure
  3. Bacterial endocarditis
  4. Cardiomyopathy (dilated, hypertrophic)
  5. Pericardial effusion
  6. Constrictive pericarditis

THORACIC CAVITY

  1. Fluid (e.g. blood, transudate, lymph)
  2. Masses (e.g. neoplasms)
  3. Swollen lymph nodes (e.g. lymphosarcoma)
  4. Diaphragmatic rupture (e.g. hiatal hernia)

EYE

  1. Masses in the third eyelid
  2. Masses in the periocular tissue
  3. Corneal or lens opacity
  4. Hyphema
  5. Changes in the size of the eyeball (e.g. hydrophthalmos, microphthalmia, phthisis bulbi)
  6. Cataract
  7. Lens dislocation
  8. Intraocular masses
  9. Intraocular foreign objects
  10. Hemorrhaging of the anterior and/or posterior chamber
  11. Retinal detachment

RETROOCULAR TISSUE

  1. Foreign objects
  2. Masses (e.g. abscesses, neoplasms)

OTHER SUPERFICIAL TISSUE

  1. Characterization of superficial masses, such as benign or malignant superficial neoplasms
  2. Hematomas, abscesses
  3. Sialocele